Steps Taken In Requirements Management Process
Creation of a basic version and versioning of requirements
The basic version contains requirements approved for implementation in a specific version of the product. After defining the basic requirements, changes can only be made in accordance with a documented, formal change management process. Assign unique identifiers to all versions of the specification to avoid confusion between draft versions and base versions, and between the previous and current versions of the requirements. A more reliable solution is to manage versions of requirement documents using appropriate configuration management tools.
Requirements change logging
Record the dates of changes in the requirements specifications, the modifications themselves, their reasons, as well as the persons who made the corrections. Automate these tasks using the version control utility or the commercial requirements management utility.
Control over the status of all technical requirements
Create a database that includes one record for each discrete functional requirement. Add the key attributes of each requirement to the database, including its status (for example, "proposed", "approved", "implemented" or "verified") so that at any time you can find out the number of requirements in each state.
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Assessment of the variability of requirements
Be sure to weekly record the number of requirements implemented in the basic version, as well as the number of proposed and approved changes (additions, modifications and deletions). If the requirements are formulated not by the client himself but on his behalf, it may turn out that the problem is understood poorly, the project boundary is not clearly defined, the business environment changes rapidly, many requirements have been missed in the collection of information, or internal corporate policies change for the worse.
Use of requirements management tools
Commercial requirements management tools allow you to store different types of requirements in the database. For each requirement, you can define attributes, track its status, and identify relationships between requirements and other work products. This trick will help you automate other requirements management tasks.